The Blue Brain, a Swiss national brain initiative, aims to create a digital reconstruction of the brain by reverse-engineering mammalian brain circuitry. The mission of the project, founded in May 2005 by the Brain and Mind Institute of the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland, is to use biologically-detailed digital reconstructions and simulations of the mammalian brain (brain simulation) to identify the fundamental principles of brain structure and function in health and disease.
Numenta Platform for Intelligent Computing (NuPIC) is an implementation of Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM) Theory, which tries to models the brain (particularly, the neocortex) in its structure and function. Its main purpose is to detect patterns in data. It does not require any labeled data for training, thus is more amiable to human-like learning than supervised models. The platform is still evolving and changing, which makes adopting the technology for custom applications challenging.
Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM) is a theory of intelligence that can be implemented in most computer programming languages.
The Human Brain Project (HBP) is a large ten-year scientific research project, based on exascale supercomputers, that aims to build a collaborative ICT-based scientific research infrastructure to allow researchers across Europe to advance knowledge in the fields of neuroscience, computing, and brain-related medicine. The Project, which started on 1 October 2013, is a European Commission Future and Emerging Technologies Flagship. The HBP is coordinated by the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne and is largely funded by the European Union. The project is based in Geneva, Switzerland.