The Blue Brain, a Swiss nation­al brain ini­tia­tive, aims to cre­ate a dig­i­tal recon­struc­tion of the brain by reverse-engi­neer­ing mam­malian brain cir­cuit­ry. The mis­sion of the project, found­ed in May 2005 by the Brain and Mind Insti­tute of the École Poly­tech­nique Fédérale de Lau­sanne (EPFL) in Switzer­land, is to use bio­log­i­cal­ly-detailed dig­i­tal recon­struc­tions and sim­u­la­tions of the mam­malian brain (brain sim­u­la­tion) to iden­ti­fy the fun­da­men­tal prin­ci­ples of brain struc­ture and func­tion in health and dis­ease.

Numen­ta Plat­form for Intel­li­gent Com­put­ing (NuPIC) is an imple­men­ta­tion of Hier­ar­chi­cal Tem­po­ral Mem­o­ry (HTM) The­o­ry, which tries to mod­els the brain (par­tic­u­lar­ly, the neo­cor­tex) in its struc­ture and func­tion. Its main pur­pose is to detect pat­terns in data. It does not require any labeled data for train­ing, thus is more ami­able to human-like learn­ing than super­vised mod­els. The plat­form is still evolv­ing and chang­ing, which makes adopt­ing the tech­nol­o­gy for cus­tom appli­ca­tions chal­leng­ing.

Hier­ar­chi­cal Tem­po­ral Mem­o­ry (HTM) is a the­o­ry of intel­li­gence that can be imple­ment­ed in most com­put­er pro­gram­ming lan­guages.

Google Brain is a deep learn­ing arti­fi­cial intel­li­gence research team at Google. It com­bines open-end­ed machine learn­ing research with sys­tem engi­neer­ing and Google-scale com­put­ing resources.

The Human Brain Project (HBP) is a large ten-year sci­en­tif­ic research project, based on exas­cale super­com­put­ers, that aims to build a col­lab­o­ra­tive ICT-based sci­en­tif­ic research infra­struc­ture to allow researchers across Europe to advance knowl­edge in the fields of neu­ro­science, com­put­ing, and brain-relat­ed med­i­cine. The Project, which start­ed on 1 Octo­ber 2013, is a Euro­pean Com­mis­sion Future and Emerg­ing Tech­nolo­gies Flag­ship. The HBP is coor­di­nat­ed by the École Poly­tech­nique Fédérale de Lau­sanne and is large­ly fund­ed by the Euro­pean Union. The project is based in Gene­va, Switzer­land.