Silent treat­ment (often referred to as the silent treat­ment) is refusal to com­mu­ni­cate ver­bal­ly with some­one who desires the com­mu­ni­ca­tion. It may range from just sulk­ing to malev­o­lent abu­sive con­trol­ling behav­iour. It may be a pas­sive-aggres­sive form of emo­tion­al abuse in which dis­plea­sure, dis­ap­proval and con­tempt is exhib­it­ed through non­ver­bal ges­tures while main­tain­ing ver­bal silence. Clin­i­cal psy­chol­o­gist Har­ri­et Braik­er iden­ti­fies it as a form of manip­u­la­tive pun­ish­ment.

Name call­ing is abu­sive or insult­ing lan­guage refer­ring to a per­son or group, a ver­bal abuse. This phe­nom­e­non is stud­ied by a vari­ety of aca­d­e­m­ic dis­ci­plines from anthro­pol­o­gy, to child psy­chol­o­gy, to pol­i­tics. It is also stud­ied by rhetori­cians, and a vari­ety of oth­er dis­ci­plines that study pro­pa­gan­da tech­niques and their caus­es and effects. The tech­nique is most fre­quent­ly employed with­in polit­i­cal dis­course and school sys­tems, in an attempt to neg­a­tive­ly impact their oppo­nent.

Trian­gu­la­tion is a manip­u­la­tion tac­tic where one per­son will not com­mu­ni­cate direct­ly with anoth­er per­son, instead using a third per­son to relay com­mu­ni­ca­tion to the sec­ond, thus form­ing a tri­an­gle. It is also a form of split­ting in which one per­son manip­u­lates a rela­tion­ship between two par­ties by con­trol­ling com­mu­ni­ca­tion between them. Tri­an­gu­la­tion may man­i­fest itself as a manip­u­la­tive device to engi­neer rival­ry between two peo­ple, known as divide and con­quer or play­ing one (per­son) against anoth­er.

Gaslight­ing is a form of manip­u­la­tion that seeks to sow seeds of doubt in a tar­get­ed indi­vid­ual or in mem­bers of a tar­get­ed group, hop­ing to make them ques­tion their own mem­o­ry, per­cep­tion, and san­i­ty. Using per­sis­tent denial, mis­di­rec­tion, con­tra­dic­tion, and lying, it attempts to desta­bi­lize the tar­get and dele­git­imize the target’s belief.

Scape­goat­ing is the prac­tice of sin­gling out a per­son or group for unmer­it­ed blame and con­se­quent neg­a­tive treat­ment. Scape­goat­ing may be con­duct­ed by indi­vid­u­als against indi­vid­u­als (e.g. “he did it, not me!”), indi­vid­u­als against groups (e.g., “I couldn’t see any­thing because of all the tall peo­ple”), groups against indi­vid­u­als (e.g., “Jane was the rea­son our team didn’t win”), and groups against groups.

Bully­ing is the use of force, threat, or coer­cion to abuse, intim­i­date, or aggres­sive­ly dom­i­nate oth­ers. The behav­ior is often repeat­ed and habit­u­al. One essen­tial pre­req­ui­site is the per­cep­tion, by the bul­ly or by oth­ers, of an imbal­ance of social or phys­i­cal pow­er, which dis­tin­guish­es bul­ly­ing from con­flict.

Humil­i­a­tion is the abase­ment of pride, which cre­ates mor­ti­fi­ca­tion or leads to a state of being hum­bled or reduced to low­li­ness or sub­mis­sion. It is an emo­tion felt by a per­son whose social sta­tus, either by force or will­ing­ly, has just decreased. It can be brought about through intim­i­da­tion, phys­i­cal or men­tal mis­treat­ment or trick­ery, or by embar­rass­ment if a per­son is revealed to have com­mit­ted a social­ly or legal­ly unac­cept­able act.

Love bomb­ing is an attempt to influ­ence a per­son by demon­stra­tions of atten­tion and affec­tion. It can be used in dif­fer­ent ways and can be used for either a pos­i­tive or neg­a­tive pur­pose. Mem­bers of the Uni­fi­ca­tion Church of the Unit­ed States (who report­ed­ly coined the expres­sion) use it to con­vey a gen­uine expres­sion of friend­ship, fel­low­ship, inter­est, or con­cern. Crit­ics of cults use the phrase with the impli­ca­tion that the “love” is feigned and that the prac­tice is psy­cho­log­i­cal manip­u­la­tion in order to cre­ate a feel­ing of uni­ty with­in the group against a soci­ety per­ceived as hos­tile. Psy­chol­o­gists have iden­ti­fied love bomb­ing as a pos­si­ble part of a cycle of abuse and have warned against it.

Psycho­log­i­cal pro­jec­tion is a the­o­ry in psy­chol­o­gy in which humans defend them­selves against their own uncon­scious impuls­es or qual­i­ties (both pos­i­tive and neg­a­tive) by deny­ing their exis­tence in them­selves while attribut­ing them to oth­ers. For exam­ple, a per­son who is habit­u­al­ly rude may con­stant­ly accuse oth­er peo­ple of being rude. It incor­po­rates blame shift­ing.

Mini­miza­tion (or belit­tling) is a type of decep­tion involv­ing denial cou­pled with ratio­nal­i­sa­tion in sit­u­a­tions where com­plete denial is implau­si­ble. It is the oppo­site of exag­ger­a­tion. Min­imi­sa­tion — down­play­ing the sig­nif­i­cance of an event or emo­tion — is a com­mon strat­e­gy in deal­ing with feel­ings of guilt.

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