Ida Lau­ra Pfeif­fer (14 Octo­ber 1797, Vien­na – 27 Octo­ber 1858, Vien­na), née Rey­er, was an Aus­tri­an trav­el­er and trav­el book author. She was one of the first female explor­ers, whose pop­u­lar books were trans­lat­ed into sev­en lan­guages. She was a mem­ber of geo­graph­i­cal soci­eties of both Berlin and Paris, but not of Roy­al Geo­graph­i­cal Soci­ety in Lon­don because she was a woman and in those days they thought women weren’t capa­ble of seri­ous thoughts.

Trav­elled to Tibet while closed to for­eign­ers. Alexan­dra David-Néel (born Louise Eugénie Alexan­drine Marie David; 24 Octo­ber 1868 – 8 Sep­tem­ber 1969) was a Bel­gian – French explor­er, spir­i­tu­al­ist, Bud­dhist, anar­chist and writer. She is most known for her 1924 vis­it to Lhasa, Tibet when it was for­bid­den to for­eign­ers. David-Néel wrote over 30 books about East­ern reli­gion, phi­los­o­phy, and her trav­els, includ­ing Mag­ic and Mys­tery in Tibet which was pub­lished in 1929.

Dame Freya Made­line Stark, Mrs Per­owne, DBE (31 Jan­u­ary 1893 – 9 May 1993), was a British-Ital­ian explor­er and trav­el writer. She wrote more than two dozen books on her trav­els in the Mid­dle East and Afghanistan as well as sev­er­al auto­bi­o­graph­i­cal works and essays. She was one of the first non-Arabs to trav­el through the south­ern Ara­bi­an Desert.

Eva Dick­son (Steninge Slott, Sig­tu­na, 8 March 1905 – Bagh­dad, Iraq, March 1938), born Eva Lind­ström, was a Swedish explor­er, ral­ly dri­ver, avi­a­tor and trav­el writer. She was the first woman to have crossed the Sahara desert by car. She was per­haps the first female ral­ly dri­ver in Swe­den (1925), and the third Swedish female avi­a­tor (1923).

Irish trav­el writer known for cycling alone through Europe, Iran, Afghanistan, Pak­istan to India. Dervla Mur­phy (born 28 Novem­ber 1931 in Lis­more, Coun­ty Water­ford, Ire­land) is an Irish tour­ing cyclist and author of adven­ture trav­el books for over 40 years.

Mur­phy is best known for her 1965 book Full Tilt: Ire­land to India With a Bicy­cle, about an over­land cycling trip through Europe, Iran, Afghanistan, Pak­istan and India. She fol­lowed this with vol­un­teer work help­ing Tibetan refugees in India and Nepal and trekking with a mule through Ethiopia.

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